Autumn Budget 2021 Summary

  • Taxable profits up £50,000 will continue to be taxed at 19%
  • Taxable profits more than £250,000 will be taxed at 25%
  • Profits between £50,000 and £250,000 will be subject to a marginal tapering relief. This would be reduced for the number of associated companies and for short accounting periods.

Corporation Tax and banking companies

From 1 April 2023, the rate of surcharge on banking companies will be 3% and the surcharge allowance increased from £25m to £100m.

Corporate Tax – R&D Relief

R&D tax reliefs will be reformed to support modern research methods by expanding qualifying expenditure to include data and cloud costs. This will effectively capture the benefits of R&D funded by the reliefs through refocusing support towards innovation in the UK, and target abuse and improve compliance. These changes will be legislated for in Finance Bill 2022-23 and take effect from April 2023.

Museums and Galleries Exhibition Tax Relief

The sunset clause in this relief is extended for a further two years until 31 March 2024.

Cultural Relief changes

Theatre Tax Relief and Museums and Galleries Tax Relief

Rates will increase from 20% (for non-touring productions) and 25% (for touring productions) to 45% and 50% respectively from 27 October 2021.

From 1 April 2023, the rates will fall to 30% and 35%, with a return to 20% and 25% on 1 April 2024. As mentioned above, the Museums and Galleries Tax Relief will expire after 31 March 2024.

Orchestra Tax Relief

From 27 October 2021, the relief will increase from 25% to 50%, reducing to 35% from 1 April 2023, and returning to 25% from 1 April 2024.

Reliefs for investments in qualifying assets

Super-deduction

The temporary “Super-deduction” and a 50% first year allowance – that were introduced April 2021 – will continue to apply to qualifying expenditure up to 31 March 2023.

The super-deduction allows businesses to remove 130% of qualifying expenditure as a deduction from taxable profits.

Annual Investment Allowance

The existing Annual Investment Allowance (AIA) was due to reduce to £200,000 (from the present £1m) from 1 January 2022. This date has been changed. The £1m of AIA relief will now revert to £200,000 from 1 April 2023.

Business owners thinking about high-value investments in qualifying assets will now have more time to consider their timing of capital acquisitions.

Reform of loss relief rules for Corporation Tax

The government will legislate in the Finance Bill 2021-22 to amend the loss relief rules to ensure that the legislation continues to work as intended for companies adopting International Financial Reporting Standard (IFRS) 16. The changes will have retrospective effect from 1 January 2019.

Van and car benefit changes

This measure increases the van benefit charge and the car and van fuel benefit charges by the Consumer Price Index from 6 April 2022. The flat-rate van benefit charge will increase to £3,600; the multiplier for the car fuel benefit will increase to £25,300; and the flat-rate van fuel benefit charge will increase to £688.

Inheritance Tax

No changes to present rates and allowances. These are all frozen at current levels until April 2026.

This means the nil-rate band will continue to be £325,000 and the residence nil-rate band at £175,000, for this period.

VAT

There will be no changes to the 20% rate. The £85,000 registration limit and the £83,000 deregistration limit will remain at these levels until 31 March 2024.

The temporary reduced rate of 5% for hospitality, holiday accommodation and attractions was increased to 12.5% from 1 October 2021. This rate will remain until 31 March 2022 when it will revert to 20%. This acknowledges the disruption and financial hardship suffered by this sector during the COVID pandemic.

VAT rules in Freeports

From 3 November 2021, the government will introduce new elements into the VAT free zone model for Freeports. They are:

  • implement a free zone exit charge to ensure businesses do not gain an unintended tax advantage from the zero-rate in the free zone model,
  • make amendments to existing VAT law to ensure free zone rules and warehousing rules are mutually exclusive,
  • amend some parts of historic free zone legislation which are incompatible with the new free zone VAT rules.

 

Other announcements

Business rates changes

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